7th Grade Weekly Newsletter

It’s been a great year 7th graders! Have a wonderful summer :)

Click here for your end of year presentation

Websites to Practice for MAP Testing:

  1. http://www.prepdog.org/7th-grade.htm - Start with the Basic test then move on to Proficient and then Advance. Try to go through each one at least once. Work on Language first, then work on Reading.
  2. https://quizlet.com/11662240/mrssotos-language-usage-rit-211-220-flash-cards/ - Important Language Arts terms
  3. https://quizlet.com/23717652/nwea-reading-rit-221-230-flash-cards/ – Important Reading terms

EOC Review:

Answer for Practice test #2: 1. C, 2. D, 3. C, 4. C, 5. B, 6. B, 7. B, 8. D, 9. B, 10. C, 11. A, 12. A, 13. D, 14. B, 15. C, 16. A, 17. A, 18. C, 19. B, 20. C, 21. B, 22. C, 23. D, 24. D, 25. A, 26. C, 27. A, 28. C, 29. D, 30. A

Websites for Reading Comprehension Practice: http://www.readworks.org    http://digital.readworks.org http://www.readwritethink.org/

Week of May 8, 2017

Monday- EOC-Part 1

Tuesday- EOC-Part 2

Wednesday- Grammar Review

Tuesday- Grammar Review

Friday- Online Review

Week of May 1, 2017 

Monday- Review Elements of Fiction

Tuesday- Continue with review of Fictional Elements

Wednesday- Review of Elements of NonFiction

Thursday- Continue with review of elements of NonFiction

Friday- Review of Elements of Poetry

Week of April 24, 2017

Date

Middle School Language Arts

7th Grade 4/24/17

Content

 

4/24

Monday

 

Reading Literature- Drama
  • Post Reading Analysis- Character changes, theme, setting, plot.

     4/25

Tuesday

 

Test Study Guide

  • Drama terms
  • Plot, theme, setting, characters, etc

4/28

Wednesday

 

Review for TestJeopardy

4/29

Thursday

 

Test on Drama

4/30

Friday

 

Washington DC Trip – No classes

Week of April 17, 2017

Date

Content

 

4/17

Monday

 

  • Introduction to Drama
  • Notes on the elements of drama.

     4/18

Tuesday

 

Reading Drama- “The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street”
  • Introduce by asking anticipation questions to students
  • Have students discuss in pairs how fear affects people.
  • Have them come up with modern examples.
  • Vocabulary activity

 

4/19

Wednesday

 

Reading Drama- “The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street”

 

  • Begin Reading Act 1.
  • Answer Reading Response Questions

 

4/20

Thursday

 

 Reading Drama- “The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street”

 

  • Read Act 2,
  • Answer Reading Response Questions

 

 

4/21

Friday

 

Reading Drama- “The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street

 

  • Work on Culminating Assessment

Week of April 3, 2017

Date

Content

 

4/3

Monday

 

Research for Argument EssayWebsites for research:

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5637687

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/19/AR2005081902055.html

http://articles.dailypress.com/2013-06-10/news/dp-nws-bodies-revealed-controversy-20130610_1_anatomy-premier-exhibitions-bodies

http://www.seattlepi.com/lifestyle/article/Education-or-freak-show-Bodies-The-1215738.php#page-1

http://www.premierexhibitions.com/exhibitions/4/4/bodies-exhibition

 

     4/4

Tuesday

 

Picking a side- and developing an outline for essay

4/5

Wednesday

 

Writing rough draft

4/6

Thursday

 

Peer Editing

4/7

Friday

 

Final Draft

 

Week of March 27, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

3/27

Monday

 

Introduction to Argument Writing
  • Powerpoint
  • Note Taking
  • Watch argument talks- determine what is the claim

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.1Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

     3/28

Tuesday

 

Argument Writing

  • Choose one TED talk and understand the speakers “argument”

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.1.AIntroduce claim(s), acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.3Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

3/29

Wednesday

 

ISF presentation Day

  • 7A- Practice presenting in class
  • 7B- No Class

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.5Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize salient points.

3/30

Thursday

 

Argument Essay

  • Build Background for topic
  • Research for Essay.
  • Student will research both sides of the topic

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.7Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.8Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

3/31

Friday

 

Argument Essay

  • Choose side of Argument
  • Begin Organizing information

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.1Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

 

Week of March 20, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

3/20

Monday

 

Vocabulary Acquisition

  • Root Packet #5

Reading Literature

  • Illustrating Poetry. Students will be given different poems to illustrate.  (Due Wednesday)
  • If finished early, give students poem.

 

 

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaningCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4.BUse common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel)

3/21

Tuesday

 

Reading Literature

  • Poetry Study Guide. Complete study guide, if not finished complete for homework.

 

 

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaningCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4.BUse common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel)

3/22

Wednesday

 

Review Game- Poetry Test Review SessionJeopardyFlash Card Stash  CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaningCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4.BUse common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel)

3/23

Thursday

 

Review Game  All standards covered this unit.

3/24

Friday

 

Poetry Test. All standards covered this unit.

Week of March 13, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

3/13

Monday

 

Teacher Workday

3/14

Tuesday

 

Vocabulary Acquisition-

  • Roots #5

Reading Literature

  • Poetry- Review poems from the Poetry Booklet.
  • Figurative Language- Poe

 

 

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaningCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4.BUse common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel)

3/15

Wednesday

 

Reading Literature

  • Using poetry to emphasize a condition
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning 

3/16

Thursday

 

Compare informational text to poetry CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.9Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts.

3/17

Friday

 

Types of Poetry CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning

 

 Week of February 27, 2017

 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

2/27

Monday

 

Roots- Lesson #3Poetry

  • Introduction to Poetry-Differences between poetry and prose
  • Read poem about titanic- annotate.
  • Read informational text about titanic.
  • Do a comparison of the two.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.6Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

2/28

Tuesday

 

Poetry- Annotating a Poem

  • How to read Poetry- Steps to Annotation.
  • Read a poem and annotate it.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

3/1

Wednesday

 

Poetry- Structure of a Poem

  • Notes on Poem structure which include: Stanza Structure
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning

3/2

Thursday

 

Poetry- Structure of a Poem

  • Notes on Poem structure which include: Line Structure
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.5Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning

3/3

Friday

 

Roots- Quiz #3Poetry- Rhythm and Meter

  • Definitions

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

Week of February 20, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

2/20

Monday

 

  Peer Editing of Rough Drafts of ISF Essay

  • Students will exchange essays and edit peers’ work.
  • Students will be looking at grammar and content to edit.

 

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.5With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 7 here.)

2/21

Tuesday

 

 Publishing of ISF Essay

  • Proper font sizes, proper heading, spacing.

Resources-MLA Format

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.6Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.

2/22

Wednesday

 

Presentation of ISF essay

  • Give students rubric of presentation

Exemplars of high quality presentations

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.8Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.5Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize salient points.

2/23

Thursday

 

Presentation of ISF essay

  • Continue working on presentation

 

2/24

Friday

 

 Public Speaking

  • Examples of oral  speech.
  • What characteristics  are of a good presentation.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.6Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 7 Language standards 1 and 3 here for specific expectations.)7

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

2/13

Monday

 

Writing- ISF essay

  • Outline- Body Paragraphs
  CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.AIntroduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.BDevelop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.CUse appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.DUse precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.EEstablish and maintain a formal style.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.FProvide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

2/14

Tuesday

 

  Writing- ISF essay

  • Complete Body Paragraphs and Conclusion
Same as above

2/15

Wednesday

 

Writing- ISF Essay

  • Rough Draft
Same as above

2/16

Thursday

 

Writing- ISF essay

  • Rough Draft

 

Same as above

2/17

Friday

 

Writing- ISF Essay

  • Peer Editing
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.5With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-3 up to and including grade 7 here.)

Week of February 13, 201Week of February 6, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

2/6

Monday

 

Teacher Workday

2/7

Tuesday

 

Review for Test on Nonfiction

Click here to play Jeopardy

 All standards

2/8

Wednesday

 

Test on Nonfiction

All standards

2/9

Thursday

 

Intro to Research Paper Writing. (ISF Essay)

  • thesis statement
  • Intro
  • Topic Sentences
  • Claims and Evidence
  • Conclusion
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.AIntroduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.BDevelop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.CUse appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.DUse precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.EEstablish and maintain a formal style.

2/10

Friday

 

Continue with ISF Essay-

  • Topic Sentences (claims) with evidence-per subject.
  • Organize info in outline form.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.AIntroduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.BDevelop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.CUse appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.DUse precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2.EEstablish and maintain a formal style.

Week of January 30, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

1/30

Monday

 

Reading Nonfiction

  • Claims and evidence from Cesar Chavez’s Speech
  • Written response using claims an evidence.
 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.8Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.

1/31

Tuesday

 

Nonfiction

  • Quiz on making claims and finding evidence
  • Using text features in a text
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.8Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.5Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the idea

2/1

Wednesday

 

Nonfiction- text features

  • Use Sibley’s Guide to Birds as a reference.
  • Focus on features of text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.5Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the idea

2/2

Thursday

 

Nonfiction-  Types of essays

  • Author’s purpose and different types of essays.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.6Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.

2/3

Friday

 

Nonfiction- Reading an Essay

  • Read Ship of the Desert
  • Focus on essay type and how he focuses on his position

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.6Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.

Week of January 23, 2017

Directions for Compare and Contrast Outline:

  1. Go to readwritethink.org
  2. Go to Compare and Contrast Map
  3. Choose similarities and differences
  4. When finished email me OR print at farea.khan@alimancrescent.org by Sunday
Writing- Compare/Contrast Essay

  • Review student outlines
  • Write rough draft

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.7Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.2Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
 Writing- Compare/Contrast Essay

  • Review student rough drafts
  • Write final draft.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.7Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.2Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Informational Text-Inferences

  • PPT-Text Evidence
  • Student’s will begin a new text- Caesar Chavez’s speech.
  • Student’s will use text-evidence to make inferences about the text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.7Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.2Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Informational Text-Inferences

  • Student’s continue to read speech-paragraphs 6-19.
  • With given claims, students will cite evidence.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.7Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.2Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Informational Text-Inferences

  • Student’s continue to read speech-when finished students will answer text based questions.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.7Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.2Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.W.7.9b: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Week of January 16, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

1/16

Monday

No school  

  • MLK Day

1/17

Tuesday

 

  Continue with CLOSE Reading

  •  Students will be given 3 texts to read that deal with a similar topic, but presented in 3 different forms of texts- fiction, web-based article, scientific journal
  • Text 1- The North Pole. Background info on the poles.
RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over thecourse of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the authordistinguishes his or her position from that of others

1/18

Wednesday

 

Informational Text- Continue with Race to the Pole

  • Text 2- The South Pole by Roald Amundsen- Focus on Vocab. acquisition and reading strategies.
RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice

1/19

Thursday

 

Informational Text- Continue with Race to the Pole

  • Text 3- Scott’s Last Expedition.

 

RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice

1/20

Friday

 

Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay

  • Notes
  • Outline a Compare and Contrast Essay- with focus question- What similarities and differences do each explorer show in their journey?
 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.3Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

Week of January 9, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

1/9

Monday

Early Release

CLOSE Reading

  • Introduction
  • Use pictures to explain how you can use CLOSE reading techniques .
RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning andtone.

1/10

Tuesday

 

MAP Testing- Reading

1/11

Wednesday

 

MAP Testing- Reading  

1/12

Thursday

 

CLOSE Reading

  • Student’s will watch video- keeping in mind to relate it to CLOSE reading.
  • Watch video twice-first using guided questions. Second-Taking notes on what they see.
  • Get into groups and compare notes. Each group should come up with 2-3 sentences on what they’ve learned (inferred) from the video.
RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning andtone.

1/13

Friday

 

 Close Reading

  • Review video
  •  3 different texts for CLOSE reading
RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning andtone.

Week of January 2, 2017

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

1/2

Monday

 

Holiday

1/3

Tuesday

 

Welcome Back from Break!Intro to Non-FictionNon-fiction

  • Intro to Nonfiction-PPT and guided notes.
  • PPT will discuss what is non-fiction, what types of writing are included in non-fiction. Informational text will be emphasized.
  • Graphic organizer for Nonfiction.
  • HOW is informational text read.
  • Different Text Structures

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.5
Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.

1/4

Wednesday

 

Read Elizabeth I- Fact Vs Opinion RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the courseof the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative,connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning andtone.

1/5

Thursday

 

Continue with Elizabeth I RI.7.1: Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly aswell as inferences drawn from the text.RI.7.2: Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over thecourse of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.RI.7.6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the authordistinguishes his or her position from that of others

1/6

Friday

 

Language MAP Testing

 

Week of December 19, 2016 

 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

12/19

Monday

 

Vocabulary Acquisition-

  • Amigo Brothers (look up word and write sentence)
  • Read Story together
 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

12/20

Tuesday

 

Spelling Bee

12/21

Wednesday

 

Reading Comprehension

  • Finish story- Complete discussion activities

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

Week of December 12, 2016 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

12/12

Monday

 

Grammar- Types of Sentences

  • Practice identifying different types of sentences. – Focus on simple and compound

 

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.BChoose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.

12/13

Tuesday

 

Grammar- Types of Sentences

  • Practice identifying different types of sentences. – focus on complex and compound-complex

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.BChoose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.

12/14

Wednesday

 

Vocabulary Acquisition-

  • The Scholarship Jacket (look up word and write sentence)
  •  Read Story together
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

12/15

Thursday

 

Reading Comprehension

  • Review elements of story
  • Focus on element of Theme- implied VS stated theme.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.2Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

12/16

Friday

 

Quiz- Types of sentences and story comprehension Writing- Focusing on themeTake one of the implied themes from the story and relate to self. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)

Week of December 5, 2016 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

12/5

Monday

 

Reading Literature- ComprehensionThe Smallest Dragonboy

  • Plot summary- how setting is important to the plot development.
  • Theme
  • Symbolism

 

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1
Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

12/6

Tuesday

 

Dragonboy- WritingAssign Dragonboy Project

  • Characteristics of descriptive writing.
  • Brainstorm- dragon paragraphs.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

12/7

Wednesday

½ day

Work on Dragonboy Project

  • Check Brainstorming- begin rough draft

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.3
Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

12/8

Thursday

 

Dragonboy- Writing

  • Check rough drafts
  • Type final draft
  • Draw dragons

12/9

Friday

 

Present Projects to class

Week of November 28, 2016 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

11/28

Monday

 

Grammar- Clauses and Phrases (focus on Clauses)

  • Review Independent and Dependent Clauses
  • Begin with Different types of Subordinate Clauses
  • Group Practice
  • Independent Practice

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.A
Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

11/29

Tuesday

 

Grammar- Different types of Clauses

  • Notes in Binder
  • Group Practice
  • Independent Practice

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.A
Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

11/30

Wednesday

 

Reading Literature- Symbolism

  • Notes in INB on Symbolism

Vocabulary

  • Vocab for “Dragonboy”

Reading Comprehension

  • Begin Reading “Dragonboy”

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.4Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

12/1

Thursday

 

Reading Comprehension

  • Vocabulary for Smallest Dragonboy
  • Begin reading Smallest Dragonboy, asking text-dependent questions.(Google Classroom)

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1
Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

12/2

Friday

 

  • Quiz on Types of Clauses
  • Finish reading Smallest  Dragonboy
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.1
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Week of November 21, 2016 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

11/21  

Monday

 

Test- The Outsiders

Kahoot Link For Review:

https://play.kahoot.it/#/k/1774122e-633f-4647-9e90-2f2bdbe164dd

All standards covered in this unit

11/22

Tuesday

 

Visual presentation-Movie- The Outsiders

  • Golden Quotations- Quick presentation
  • Watch movie
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.7 Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).

11/23

Wednesday

 

Visual presentation-Movie- The Outsiders

  • Finish movie
  • Compare movie to text

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.7 Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).

Week of November 14, 2016 

Date

Content

CCSS Objective

 

11/14

Monday

 

Field Trip- Chamber Theater Production

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.7
Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).

 

11/15

Tuesday

 

Reading Literature-

The Outsiders

  • Theme, Conflict Character Development, Symbolism and Plot Posters

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.2Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.6

Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

11/16

Wednesday

 

Reading Literature-

The Outsiders

  • Present Literary Elements Posters
  • Students will take notes on poster

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.2Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.6

Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

11/17

Thursday

 

Study Guide for test on Outsiders- Work on in Class

All standards covered in this Unit

11/18

Friday

 

Review session for the Outsiders- Test MONDAY

All standards covered in this Unit

 

Week of November 7, 2016 

Story Links:

 

The Jumping Frog of Calveras County

http://www.doralacademyprep.org/ourpages/auto/2011/5/18/63680077/The_Celebrated_Jumping_Frog_of_Calaveras_County_eText.pdf

 The Necklace

http://www.greensburgsalem.org/cms/lib4/PA01001409/Centricity/Domain/467/The%20Necklace%20Text.pdf

 The Monkey’s Paw

http://resources.mhs.vic.edu.au/creating/downloads/The_Monkey’s_Paw.pdf

 The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

http://www.ibiblio.org/ebooks/Irving/Sleepy/Irving_Sleepy.pdf

 

 

 

11/7

Monday

 

Reading Literature- The Outsiders

  • Quiz Ch. 9 and 10
  • Vocab- 11 and 12
  • Read Chapter 11

11/8

Tuesday

 

Reading Literature-The Outsiders
  • Read Chapter 12
  • Analysis- 11 and 12

11/9

Wednesday

 

  • Skills Navigator Setup (7B)
  • Pep Rally (7A)

11/10

Thursday

 

  • Field Trip Prep- Read short stories that will be performed on stage

11/11

Friday

  • Field Trip Prep- Read short stories that will be performed on stage Week of October 31, 2016 

 

****Link to the Outsiders http://nisbah.com/summer_reading/the-outsiders_se_hinton.pdf *****

 

10/31  

Monday

 

Novel Study – The Outsiders

  • Review Discussion Questions- Chapter 5 and 6
  • Analysis Notes- Chapter 5 and 6
  • Vocab- Chapters 7 and 8.
  • If time begin chapter 7.

Homework-Vocab- chapters 7 and 8 

11/1

Tuesday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Quiz- Ch 5&6
  • Review Vocab.
  • Read Chapter 7 and 8.

                Homework-Finish Reading Ch8/Discussion Questions for Chapter 7 and 8. 

11/2

Wednesday

 

Novel Study – The Outsiders

  • Review Discussion Questions- Chapter 7 and 8
  • Analysis Notes- Chapter 7 and 8
  • Interview Activity

       Homework-Complete Interview Activity 

11/3

Thursday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Quiz- Ch 7&8
  • Review Vocab.
  • Read Chapter 9

     Homework-Reading Logs 

11/4

Friday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Read Chapter 10
  • Analysis Notes- Chapter 9 and 10.

Homework-Discussion Questions for Chapter 9 and 10.

 

 

Week of October 24, 2016

 

10/24  

Monday

Teacher Workday

No Classes

 

10/25

Tuesday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Stereotypes Activity
  • Read Ch. 4- Whole Group
  • Discussion Questions- 3&4- Homework 

 

10/26

Wednesday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Bell Ringer- Video Journal
  • Review Questions
  • Analysis Notes-Chapter 3&4
  • Assign- “News Headline”- Due Friday
  • Vocab- Ch. 5&6- Homework 

10/27

Thursday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Quiz- Ch 3&4
  • Review Vocab.
  • Read Chapter 5- Small Groups
  • News Article- Homework

10/28

Friday

 

Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Nothing Gold Can Stay- Group Activity
  • Read Ch. 6
  • Discussion Questions- 5&6-Homework

 

 

Objectives of the Week 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3

Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

Week of October 17, 2016

Online Link for The Outsiders :

 http://nisbah.com/summer_reading/the-outsiders_se_hinton.pdf

MONDAY: Novel Study- The Outsiders-
  • Novel Introduction.
  • Take Notes from Introductory Powerpoint.
  • Give Vocab assignments- Chapters 1 and 2
TUESDAY: Novel Study- The Outsiders
  • Review Vocabulary
  • Read Ch. 1

WEDNESDAY: Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Character Study – in Groups
  • Read Ch. 2
THURSDAY: Novel Study- The Outsiders
  • Analysis Notes-  Character Development and Social Classes
  • Review character Study

FRIDAY: Novel Study- The Outsiders

  • Quiz- Chapters 1 and 2.
  • Review Vocabulary
  • Read Ch. 3- Small groups

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE WEEK: 

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3

Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

Week of October 10, 2016

Monday- Writing- Review Essay Outlines, begin rough drafts in class.

Homework- Complete rough drafts.

Tuesday- Writing conferences. Begin working on final drafts.

Homework- Complete project.

Wednesday- Present Character Posters. Watch “Rikki Tikki Tavi”

Homework: Read :)

 Thursday- Read “The Green Mamba” Review clauses and vocabulary.

Homework: Personification Chart

Friday- Quiz- Rikki Tikki, The Green Mamba, Clauses and Vocabulary.

Homework-Work on Reading Logs

 Objectives of the Week:

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.9Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.7Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film).
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.5.BUse the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonym/antonym, analogy) to better understand each of the words.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.A

Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

Week of October 3, 2016

Monday- Vocabulary- Acquisition and Analogies. Introduction to “Rikki Tikki Tavi”

Homework- Vocabulary Words- Definitions and Analogies.

Tuesday- Read “Rikki Tikki Tavi” with audio.

 

Homework-Personification Chart

 

Audio Link with text.: 

http://www.storynory.com/2007/01/22/rikki-tikki-tavi-part-one/

 

http://www.storynory.com/2007/01/28/rikki-tikki-tavi-part-two/

 

 

Wednesday- Finish reading Rikki Tikki Tavi.  Work on Personification chart. Assign Project.

Homework: Character Clusters and Outline

 Thursday- Class time to work on Essay

Homework: Rough Draft 

Friday- Peer editing of rough draft. Work on final draft.

Homework: Project due Monday. 

 

 

Objectives of the Week:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategiesCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.6

Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

 

 

 

Week of September 26, 2016

Monday- Reading Comprehension- “The Portrait”

Tuesday- Study Guide- Work on Test #1 Study Guide

Wednesday- Test Review

 Thursday- Test #1- Fiction. Test will include:

  1. First 20 words from Vocab List
  2. Reading Comprehension of- “After 20 Years”, “The 11:59″ and “The Portrait”
  3. Types of Phrases
  4. Literary Elements- Plot, Setting, and Characterization

Friday- Grammar- Types of Clauses

Objectives of the Week:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot)CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.AExplain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

Week of September 19, 2016

Monday- Weekly Vocabulary. Different types of characterization author’s use.

Tuesday- Quiz on types of phrases. Read “The 11:59″ independently, focus on author’s use of characterization.

Wednesday- Using history in fictional texts.

Thursday- Examples of Foreshadowing in “The 11:59″

Friday- Comprehension and Vocab Quiz. Independent Reading and Digital ReadWorks Assignment.

Objectives of the Week:

 CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.AExplain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.6Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.

Week of September 5, 2016

Monday- No school

Tuesday- Assign weekly vocabulary words/Literary Technique- Foreshadowing.

Wednesday-Continue with  Foreshadowing

Thursday- Quiz on Vocab and Reading Comprehension/ Writing Assignment

Friday- Documentary

Objectives of the Week:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.4Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.1

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.7.1.AExplain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.

Week of August 29, 2016

Monday- Assign Weekly Vocab Words. Elements of PLOT

Tuesday- Begin reading “After 20 years”

Wednesday- Friday- MAP Testing

Objectives of the Week:

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7.3
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).