Science Fair

                                  SCIENCE FAIR 

  • It is time for science fair. Please search up a topic for your science fair by Monday Nov 14th and display board due Friday Dec 16th.
  • The power point below will help you prepare for the science fair.

 

          Science Fair Information Sheet

What is the purpose of a Science Fair?

The process of choosing a problem and formulating a hypothesis, planning a project and  predicting the  results, gathering and analyzing data, and drawing conclusions is an incredible learning experience for  anyone, but especially for children. Celebrating your child’s use of the scientific method will prove to be a  memorable experience!

What is the Scientific Method?

The scientific method is a problem-solving approach that, once learned,can be used as an approach in  many areas in life, not just science. Usually applied in a series of steps, the scientific method includes:

1. Ask a question or identify a problem

2. Observe what is happening and conduct background research

3. Construct a hypothesis that explains what is happening or predict a result

4. Test  the hypothesis by doing an experiment

5. Record the results

6. Analyze the data and draw a conclusion

 *Note: A science fair project can be an experiment, or invention but CANNOT be a  science demonstration. A science demonstration shows or explains a science concept. An  example would be building a model volcano and having it erupt or showing what happens when Mentos  are dropped into soda. This is not as complex as a scientific experiment that asks  a  question and then follows each step of the scientific method to completion by drawing a conclusion and communicating results.

Allow plenty of time for completing your science experiment

Now that you have decided to do a science project, you will need to be very careful about the time spent on the project. Don’t let your time go by and then decide to do all of your work the weekend before the Science Fair. You will have too much work to do, and you will not learn as much from your project.

What are the categories for Science Fair experiments?

All of the experiments must be placed in one of the following categories:

 Life Sciences. Projects in this category would be about plants or animals.

  • Examples include: Which plants grow bigger: those grown under sunlight or those grown under light bulbs?

  • Which hamster will learn to run a maze faster: one that is rewarded with food or one that is not?

 Physical Sciences. This category concerns physics or chemistry.

  • Examples include: Which object hits the ground faster: a heavy object or a light object?

  • Which airplane wing design lifts an airplane higher or faster?

Earth-Space Sciences. Areas in this category include meteorology (weather), astronomy (stars),

oceanography (oceans), or geology (earth’s formation, rocks, etc.).

  • Examples include: What effect does a heavy rainfall have on water quality?

  • What type of ground cover (grass, rock, or bare dirt) will best prevent soil from washing down a hillside during a rainstorm?

Choosing your topic

When deciding on a topic to investigate, ask these questions:

  • What topic interests me?

  • Is this a question that can be answered by experimenting?

  • Is this question too difficult for me to solve by myself?

  • What materials will be needed? (Equipment and materials should be reasonable in cost.)

  • Is the problem a safe one?

  • Is it of significance to today’s society?

 

SCIENTIFIC PROCESS – each of these steps should be shown both on your project board/poster, in your journal, and maybe even in your abstract.

 Every project must have a purpose

After you have chosen a topic, you must explain the purpose of the experiment in just a couple of sentences in your report and journal.

Here is an example of a science experiment purpose:

  • The purpose of this project is to determine which light is best for growing geraniums.

  • The project title for this experiment could either be “The Effect of Light on Geranium Growth,” or “What Effects do Lights Have on the Growth of Geraniums?”

The purpose must be on the display board and in the journal.

 Research

No matter what the topic or purpose of your experiment, the next step is research. Find books, Internet websites encyclopedias, magazines, and any other information about your topic.

Taking notes

You may be eager to start experimenting, but often the results of an experiment are not accurate because accurate notes were not kept. Therefore, both a report and a journal are required along with your exhibit. Keep notes in a journal about everything about your experiment: a list of your materials, the quantities of materials you use, and your daily observations. Notes from your research must be in the journal.

 Experimenting

Every experiment should include a hypothesis (your guess on what will happen) along with some sort of comparison and control. In other words you, as the scientist, will change certain conditions and observe what happens following those changes. It would be wise to get some advice from

your teacher, parent, or someone  who has experience with scientific experimentation. Your hypothesis must be on the board and in the journal.

A hypothesis should be written with the following three words: If… then… because. If is a fact that you found researching, then is your guess of what will happen, and because is your explanation.

  • Ex: If horses are herbivores and dogs are carnivores, then I think horse solid waste would be better fertilizer than dog solid waste, because horses would have more compostable material in theirs.

Results

Results are what happened. Results are in the form of a graph or a chart. They are a picture of your conclusion. The Results must be on your display board and in the journal.

 Conclusion

After you complete your experimentation and your recordkeeping, you must draw some conclusions. The conclusions should be in paragraph form.

  • For example, if the geraniums that are placed in direct sunlight grow the tallest, you might conclude that direct sunlight is best for growing geraniums. If the geraniums that received no light at all died, you might conclude that some light is necessary for geranium growth. The conclusion must be on your display board and in the journal.

What is the difference between Conclusions, and Results??

Your conclusion should be written in paragraph form however, your Results should be in the form of a graph or a chart or a data base.

 If you are selected by the judges to represent Al-Iman school at the regional science fair, you should have a journal and an abstract.

Experiment Journal

The journal is a record of everything you do as you conduct your experiment. Buy a small notebook before you start experimenting. Keep notes about everything. You never know what information will be important until the experiment is completed; then it is too late to recall what steps you followed.  List your materials and how much you use. Record your observations and then the time that you made them. Discuss problems as they occur. This notebook should be displayed with your exhibit, so keep your notes neat. Also, these notes should be kept in your own handwriting. However, your name should not be on your journal or any part of your project.

 Abstract

An abstract is an abbreviated version of your science fair project final report. For most science fairs it is limited to a maximum of 250 words . Almost all scientists and engineers agree that an abstract should have the following:

  • Title: Without putting your name on the paper, write the title of the experiment at the top of the page.

  • Purpose: Explain the purpose of your experiment. Why did you conduct this experiment? What were you trying to prove?

  • Hypothesis: This is a description of what you think your results are going to be before you conduct any experiments.

  • Procedures: What materials did you use? What did you do, step-by-step, in your experiment?

  • Results: What were the results of your experiment? This could be organized into graphs, charts, tables.

  • Conclusions: What did you think the results seem to indicate? That is, which group in the experiment is the better group? Again, this should be in paragraph form.

Day of the Science Fair: Bring your display board and experiment to school. You should be prepared to explain and answer simple questions about your experiment.

Awards: Top three place in each grade will be awarded a trophy.

Ten honorable mention medals.

 Regional Science fair:

The top 4 experiments overall move on to represent Al-Iman at the Regional Science Fair.

 Project due:

Projects/display board should be brought to school on Monday, December 14th, 2015.

Al-Iman School Science Fair Rubric

 Student Name(s): ————————————————————————————

Board completion criteria

Score

Purpose is clear and specific

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10

Hypothesis is clear and specific

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10

Procedure is thorough and creative

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

Results are in chart form

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

Multiple trials have been done to show consistency of results

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

Conclusion is in paragraph form

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

The conclusion addressed the hypothesis, limitations, and further research

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

                             Creativity

                  Score

Originality of project idea

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

Creative/uniqueness of project

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10

                        Future Competition

              Score

The project would be able to compete in an advanced science fair.

1   2   3  4   5   6   7   8   9   10

I would like to interview the student to get more                       Yes             No

information about their project.

Additional Comments:

Scoring Scale:

1-   Project demonstrated none of the criterion.

    Project demonstrated little of the criterion

    Project demonstrated some of the criterion

          Project demonstrated most of the criterion

     10- Project demonstrated the entire criterion

 

Al-Iman School Science Fair Rubric

                                   Oral Presentation

 

Component

Total Points

Introduction/Acknowledgements: Student introduces himself and gives the title of the project.

                                               /5

Statement of Purpose/ Hypothesis

/5

Explanation of Procedure/Materials

/10

Explanation of Results/Charts, Graphs, and Visual Items

/20

Conclusion

/10

Answers Questions Effectively

/10

Personal Reflections: What I learned and what I would have done differently.

/10

Good Posture and Eye Contact

/15

Speaks Clearly

/15

Total points

                              /100